Building Your Bible Vocabulary: “Angel”, “Prophet”, “Evangelist”

     “Angel”, “Prophet”, “Evangelist” are really Greek words spelled in English letters.  The common meanings of these words are similar, but with some important distinctions.  The religious meanings are also similar and with noteworthy differences.

     An “angel” is simply a messenger or bringer of news.  The mailman and delivery person do the same job in our country today.  This common meaning is used by Paul in Galatians 1:14 about himself “
as an angel of God” in that he simply delivered God’s message to them.  Likewise, this idea of people as messengers or “angels” of God is probably intended by the writer in Hebrews 13:2.  However, in the religious sense, we usually use this word to refer to the heavenly beings sent by God to deliver His messages (and often to carry out His tasks), such as in Genesis 19:1, Zechariah 1:12-14, and Revelation 1:1.  These heavenly beings never create the messages, but only deliver them.

     A “prophet” is one who proclaims a message, much like a town-crier or an announcer.  In the Bible, “a prophet of God” refers to a person who proclaims or delivers God’s word (sometimes, but not always, about future events).  “Preacher” is a good synonym for “prophet.”
     A “true prophet” or “true preacher”… one who in imitating Jesus’ example… speaks truthfully & impartially concerning God’s word and does not lie about its true meaning or his own true intentions for speaking (Luke 20:21; John 3:16-21, 4:23-24, 8:31-32, 8:44-46, 12:42-50, 17:17-21; Ephesians 4:15, 25).
     A “false prophet” or “false preacher” claims he teaches concerning God’s word… but his claim is false, a deception, a lie, a cheat.  The apostle Paul describes such men as “
deceitful workers” who disguise themselves as messengers of light and as servants or ministers of righteousness (2 Corinthians 11:12-15).  He also describes these false teachers as “sons of disobedience”, “lovers of themselves, lovers of money,… evil men and imposters”, and “insubordinate, idle talkers and deceivers”, who are “teaching things which they ought not, for the sake of dishonest gain” (Ephesians 5:6; 2 Timothy 3:1-13; Titus 1:10-11).  The apostle John warns us “let no one deceive you” and tells us “These things I have written to you concerning those who try to deceive you” (1 John 3:7, 2:26; c.f. 2 John 7).

     Did you notice the “angel” tucked inside “evangelist”?  An “evangelist” is a bringer of good news.  In the New Testament, the information of how to be saved is called the “good news” or the “gospel”.  So, biblically speaking, an evangelist is a person who tells God’s message of how to be saved.


      Prepared by David G. Churchill; used by permission. rev.bxx-fky-170209
      Unless otherwise noted, “Scripture taken from the NEW KING JAMES VERSION.  Copyright © 1979, 1980, 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.  Used by permission.  All rights reserved.”
      This article’s presentation in Exploring God's Word ©2002, 2006, 2017 David G. Churchill.
      For additional quality Bible-study materials, contact your local church of Christ or access Exploring God's Word at www.exploringgodsword.co.
      Send us your Bible-related questions.